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通过《傲慢与偏见》浅析简∙奥斯丁的爱情与婚姻观_英语文学论文
文档分类: 语言文学 文档上传会员: ー季樱花 上传时间: 2016-11-27
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Abstract

Jane Austen, one of the most famous female realistic writers in English literature at the end of the eighteenth century and the beginning of the nineteenth century. Among the forty-two years of her short life but meaningful one, Austen wrote six full-length works and three fragments. Love and marriage is the theme of her all of works. And Pride and Prejudice is her the most representative novel. With the love story as the main line, Austen narrated four couples’ love and marriage stories humorously and drolly, showed the pictures of the life of the English middle class vividly by using skilled writing techniques, and also reflected people’s views on love and marriage at that time, and Jane Austen’s views. She thinks that it is wrong and stupid to marry only for fortune, money and social status, and it is also stupid to marry without taking these factors into consideration. The marriages of characters in this novel reflect her ideal pursuit and interpretation of marriage. She opposes to marry for money, and opposes to see the marriage as a trifling matter. Meanwhile, she stresses that real love should be the cornerstone of perfect marriage. Therefore, this paper will study the life of Austen and four marriages depicted in Pride and Prejudice to discuss and explore Austen’s views of love and marriage and the realistic significance of her views.

Key words: Pride and Prejudice; love, fortune and social status; perfect marriage;

摘要

简•奥斯丁,英国十八世纪末,十九世纪初的著名的现实主义女作家之一。在她短暂但却有意义的四十二年的生活中,奥斯丁共创作了六部小说和三个未完成的故事片断。她的作品大都以爱情和婚姻为主题。其中,《傲慢与偏见》是她最具有代表性的作品。她用精湛的笔墨和娴熟的手法,并从女性独特的视角出发,以爱情故事为主线,诙谐幽默地描述了四个爱情故事,生动形象地向读者描绘了当时英国中产阶级的生活状况,并反映了那个时代的人们的爱情婚姻观,其中也包括作者自己的婚姻观,即为金钱,财富和社会地位而结婚是错误的,而不考虑这些因素也是愚蠢的。小说男女主人公最后美好的结合,透露出奥斯丁对婚姻观念理性化的追求和诠释: 她反对为金钱而结婚,反对把婚姻当儿戏,她强调把男女双方真正的感情因素作为美满婚姻的基石。因此,本文通过结合作者生平,并对小说中所描绘的四桩婚姻的剖析与研究,来探究奥斯丁的婚姻观,以及它所具有的现实意义。

关键词: 《傲慢与偏见》;爱情,财富与社会地位;美满的婚姻
 

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