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王尔德和张爱玲的比较_英语文学论文
文档分类: 语言文学 文档上传会员: Beher 上传时间: 2016-11-27
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摘 要

王尔德,英国作家、戏剧家、诗人,被誉为“天才和戏剧家”,他一生经历大起大伏,时而如日中天,时而一落千丈。张爱玲,中国现代作家,曾红遍上海,而后又在美国深居简出。他们是反叛与世俗的典型统一体。本文从两作者生活的社会背景,生平遭遇,性格,服饰,文风等方面,比较他们的相同之处,以便更加深入的了解他们,产生正确的评价认识。 他们的作品深刻反映了社会现实,具有深刻的揭示意义。文学作品的意义是超出道德衡量范围的,正如王尔德所讲的那样, 社会斥为不道德的作品恰恰反映了社会的弊端。
  
关键词: 比较文学 反叛 世俗
 
Abstract

Oscar Wilde, an English writer, playwright and poet, is known as a “wit and dramatist”, whose works range from fairy tales and dramas to poems. His life was full of ups and downs. At one time he made a great success as an outstanding dramatist, but at another time he was no more than a failure as one of the most controversial figure in world literature. Eileen Chang, a modern Chinese writer, led a legendary life. She used to be a household figure in Shanghai where almost everyone read her novel and prose. However, during her later life, she spent nearly all her time in her own house quietly and simply. They typically embody both rebellion and convention in an integrated way. This thesis tried to compare these two writers through the aspects of social background, life experiences and writing style in order to enhance our understanding and form correct evaluation of their works. Their works were profound and critical in revealing the cruel and brutal reality to the people. The significance of literary works was beyond ethical standards, just as Wilde once said, “The books that the world calls immoral are books that show the world its own shame.”

keywords : comparative literature, convention ,rebellion

Chapter 1 Introduction
1.1 Life Experiences
A talented poet, playwright, and wit, born in Dublin in 1854, Oscar Wilde was a special phenomenon in 19th century England. He was eminent for preaching the significance of style in life and art and attacking the Victorian narrow mindedness and was renowned for his aesthetic views.
In 1867 in Oxford University he received the Newdigate Prize for his outstanding poem, "Ravenna", which was also his first published work funded by the university. Due to his wittiness and eccentricity, Wilde sparked a sensation in England and was often satirized by the Punch Magazine in some caricatures but he seemed to enjoy being talked about. Though he was brought into instant fame and became a celebrity to some extent, it was not until the publication of The Happy Prince and Other Tales in 1888 that he was fully recognized as a competent writer. The Picture of Dorian Gray, his only novel, caused controversy and criticism as the book evidently attacked the hypocrisy of England in an exaggerated way.

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