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《牛津高阶英汉双解词典》中新词的比较研究_快乐赛车
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A Comparative Study on Novel Nouns in Oxford Advanced Learner’s English-Chinese Dictionaries_快乐赛车

摘要

语言是社会发展中必不可缺的一部分,而词汇作为语言的组成成分,最直接客观地反映了社会发展的趋势。新词作为最近铸造的词,其作用在于辨认发明、新现象,或承担新文化背景的老想法,或发明词或词组行动,或将一个新词行动介绍进入语言。因此,基于语料库、文本和词典等领域的新词研究得到了研究者的关注。

与所有的新版问世一样,OALD8中收录的新词,反映了当今社会的发展、科技的创新以及人们生活方式和文化的变化。据研究统计其中新词共710个,其中名词542个,形容词106个,动词24个,其他词性共计38个,每一个新词都对快乐赛车的学习有着重大作用。本文拟通过对比《牛津高阶英汉双解词典》第七版与第八版,主要分析其中新增名词,探索新增的原因,以及社会、科技和文化发展等对语言词汇变化的影响。

关键词: 《牛津高阶英汉双解词典》;新词;类别;原因;名词  

Abstract

Language is an essential part of social development and a component of language vocabulary. It reflects the trend of social development directly and objectively.  Neologism is a new word that appears recently, whose role is to identify the invention of a new phenomenon, or take on a new cultural background of an old idea, or invent words or phrase, or a new action that introduce new words into the language. Therefore, the studies based on new words, text and dictionary have got the attention of researchers.

快乐赛车As the new version of all dictionaries, the Oxford Advanced Learner's English-Chinese Dictionary (OALD8) reflects the development of today's society, science and technology, the changes of the lifestyle and culture. According to the statistics, there are 710 new words totally in OXLD8, including 542 nouns, 106 adjectives, 24 verbs and 38 others. Each of the new words has a major role in our study. This paper intends to compare the seventh edition of “Oxford Advanced Learner's English-Chinese Dictionary” and the eighth, mainly the analysis of the new nouns, and to explore the causes of the new words, as well as influence of the society, science and technology, culture on the word change.

快乐赛车Key Words: OXLD8; neologism; classification; reasons; novel nouns

Contents

I. Introduction 10

快乐赛车1.1 Background of the Study 10

快乐赛车1.2 Significance of the Study 10

1.3 Structure of the Thesis 11

快乐赛车II. Demonstration 11

快乐赛车2. 1 Literature Review 11

快乐赛车2.1.1 Studies Abroad 12

2.1.1.1 Lexicography 12

2.1.1. 2 Neologism Production 12

快乐赛车2.1.2 Domestic Studies 13

2.1.2.1 Lexicography 13

2.1.2.2 Neologism Production 14

快乐赛车2.1.3 Summary 14

2.2 Method 15

2.2.1Research Questions 15

2.2.2 Procedure 15

2.3 Results 15

快乐赛车2.4 Discussion 19

2.4.1 The Law for Discovering English Neologism 19

2.4.2 The Origin of the English Neologism 20

2.4.3 The Features of the New Nouns 21

快乐赛车2.4.3.1 The Missing of Neologisms 21

2.4.3.2 Distinctive characteristics of the times 22

2.4.3.3 Collecting of alphabetic words 23

III. Conclusion 23

3.1 Findings 23

快乐赛车3.2 Implication 24

快乐赛车3.3 Limitation and Further Study 24

快乐赛车Bibliography 25

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